Happy Birthday, Emily Bronte

On 30 July 1818, Emily Bronte, future novelist and poet, came into the world in Thornton, in Yorkshire. She was the fifth of six children born to Maria Branwell and Patrick Bronte; her siblings included Charlotte, Patrick Branwell, and Anne, all of whom made their literary marks on the world before their untimely deaths. The Bronte siblings grew up in Haworth, where their father was a curate, and they amused themselves by coming up with and acting out fantasy stories.

In 1846, Emily, Anne, and Charlotte published a volume of their poems under the pen names Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell. The book didn’t sell well, but it did receive favorable reviews. The following year, Emily published Wuthering Heights, which received mixed reviews and was condemned for its portrayal of immoral passion. It has since gone on to become a literary classic.

Like most of her siblings, Emily did not enjoy robust health. In 1848 she became ill and refused medical help and remedies. She died, probably from tuburculosis, on 19 December. She was buried in the Church of St. Michael and All Angels in Haworth.

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