The Old Pretender

On March 23, 1708, James, the only son of the deposed James II, attempted to invade Scotland in his first try at taking back the British throne. He was unsuccessful—the fleet of Admiral Sir George Byng drove him back at the Firth of Forth. James, who became known as “the Old Pretender” was a controversial figure from birth. Soon after he was born on June … Continue reading The Old Pretender