On January 10, 1863 the first section of what would become the London Underground was opened under the name Metropolitan Railway. It linked Paddington Station and Farringdon Street via Kings Cross and was made possible through financial backing from the Great Western Railway and the tireless campaigning of Charles Pearson, solicitor to the City of London Corporation.
Pearson noticed the increasing traffic congestion in the city and the need for a rapid transit system to enable commuters to travel in from the fast-growing suburbs. As early as 1845, he published a pamphlet calling for the construction of an underground railway. Ini 1854, a Royal Commission was set up to examine proposals for new railways in London. Pearson submitted his own proposal, and on August 7, 1854, it was decided that an underground railway would indeed be built.