The Battle of Bouvines

On 27 July 1214 the forces of the French king Philip II crushed an army composed of Imperial, English, and Flemish soldiers under the leadership of Otto IV of Germany, ending the 12-year Angevin-Flanders War and destroying England’s Angevin empire. Back in 1212, Ferdinand, the Infante of Portugal, lost the cities of Aire-su-la-Lys and Saint-Omer under the terms of the Treaty of Pont-a-Vendin. Predictably, he … Continue reading The Battle of Bouvines